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Chuck Karayan
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Class Descriptions
Creating and Transferring Rights in Real Property (full day) 
This basic–to–intermediate level seminar is based covers the concept and nature of real property titles and the various rights and interests therein. The course discusses deed forms used in conveyancing and the differences between them. It also discusses the requirements of a valid conveyance, the legal descriptions used and the priorities of title resulting from conveyance and recordation. 

Evidence, Exhibits and Testimony – Boundaries and Beyond (full day) 
This intermediate–to–advanced level seminar is based on the Federal Rules of Evidence and provides an overview of the Law of Evidence, civil lawsuits, trial processes, and professional practices. Legal concepts and terminology are discussed within the context that they arise. The seminar can be thought of as having three parts: 
1. basic concepts and the Rules of Evidence 
2. application of the concepts and rules within the context of our profession, and 
3. Forensic Surveying practice. 
The course discusses and explores areas of professional practice that can help to increase productivity and reduce potential liability, as well as improve service to the client. The goal is to provide practical tools to assist participants in being a more effective witness/surveyor. 
Legal Descriptions (half day) 
This basic–level seminar covers writing and interpreting legal descriptions used in conveyances and other documents. The seminar focuses on the ten fundamental forms of property descriptions, with a detailed explanation and illustration of each. The course stresses the need for adequate research and discusses some of the more common sources of documentary evidence. 

Measurements, Monuments, and Maps (full day) 
This intermediate–to–advanced level seminar covers the interrelationship and weighting of evidence (measurements, monuments, and maps) in the analysis of boundary determination. It also covers the use of such evidence in creating boundaries as distinguished from reestablishing them. The course discusses accuracy versus precision, error theory and adjustment techniques as well as real property corners and the monuments used to mark them, all from an evidentiary, i.e. non–mathematical, point of view. Examples and illustrations are used in the process. 

Public Land Survey System Descriptions – Theory and Reality (half day) 
This intermediate-level seminar covers sections, their subdivision (aliquot parts) and “government” lots. The course focuses on the distinctions between nominal sections (described in the Manual), original sections (created by the Township Plat), and resurveyed sections (resulting from subsequent BLM and private surveys). It also discusses the description and conveyance of aliquot and proportional parts as well as “private sections” (within prior sovereign’s grants). 

Public Land Survey System – The General Plan and Original Surveys (half day) 
This basic–level seminar provides an overview of the fundamentals of the PLSS. It covers the order of survey from Initial Points, to Standard Lines, to Quadrangles, to Townships, and ultimately to Sections. The course discusses the Township Plats and Field Notes produced from the original surveys as well as the aliquot parts, Lots, Tracts, Parcels and Land Claims shown on the Township Plat. It also discusses the meandering of waterbodies and the acceptable tolerances applicable to original surveys. 

Streets and Rights–of–Way (half day) 
This intermediate–level seminar covers the methods by which streets and other rights–of–way are created and the quality of title acquired thereby. It also covers the methods by which such rights are terminated. Throughout the discussion, problems affecting the street (R/W) and adjoining owners are illustrated and potential solutions discussed. 




Title, Location, and Water Boundary Problems in the PLSS (full day) 
This intermediate–to–advanced level seminar covers the primary title of the US Government, Grants by prior sovereigns, and reservations and exceptions in original patents. It also covers future interests such as Homesteads and Mineral Claims, and Adverse Possession and claims adverse to the United States. These concepts are then related to boundary problems encountered by the practicing surveyor. 
The course discusses various types of GLO/BLM surveys (original, retracement, dependent and independent resurveys, correction and completion); existing, obliterated and lost monuments; criteria for accepting or rejecting found monuments; and proportionate reestablishment of lost monuments. 
The course also discusses basic riparian rights, the term navigability as applied in the PLSS, the ownership of islands, and the public–private boundary when the meander line and the water itself are significantly different. 

Water Boundaries (full day) 
This intermediate–to–advanced level seminar covers the historic, scientific and legal relationships of tidal datum, navigability, public ownership of the bed, and private boundaries. Specific topics include the Ordinary High/Low Water Mark, the “thread of the stream”, accretion and avulsion, floodplains, wetlands, Swamp and Overflowed lands, and grants from prior sovereigns. 
This seminar is based on the common law of America but it notes situations where federal and or state laws differ. 

When is a Fence a Fence and When is it a Boundary? (full day) 
This intermediate–level seminar covers the relationship between the occupation and ownership of real property. It discusses the legal concepts of Adverse Possession, Prescription, Boundary Line Agreements, and Parol Agreements. It also discusses the equitable concepts of Recognition and Acquiescence, and Estoppel. These legal and equitable concepts are then related to evidence commonly used by surveyors in making boundary determinations based on the record legal and/or unwritten title to real property. 

NSPS strives to establish and further common interests, objectives, and political effort that would help bind the surveying profession into a unified body in the United States.

Governance: The National Society of Professional Surveyors Inc. is governed by a Board of Directors. The NSPS Board of Directors meets twice per year.   NSPS has working agreements with state surveying organizations which are represented on the NSPS Board of Directors, and with the NSPS Foundation, Inc. 


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